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Environmental Policy of St. Petersburg

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Translated from Russian

GOVERNMENT OF ST. PETERSBURG

 DECREE

 of 18 June 2013 N 400

 On the Environmental Policy of St. Petersburg until 2030

In compliance with clause 107 of the Action Plan for the Implementation of the State Policy Framework for the Environmental Development of the Russian Federation for the period until 2030, as approved by the Executive Order of the Government of the Russian Federation N 2423-р of 18.12.2012, the Government of St. Petersburg

DECREES:

1. To approve the Environmental Policy of St. Petersburg until 2030 according to the Attachment.

2. The executive bodies of St. Petersburg authorities are obliged to observe the regulations of the Environmental Policy of St. Petersburg until 2030:

2.1. When developing, discussing and adopting the legal regulatory acts of the executive bodies of St. Petersburg.

2.2. When developing the legal regulatory acts that form the framework for the state planning of social and economic development of St. Petersburg, including programmes for social and economic development of St. Petersburg.

2.3. When developing and implementing regional environment protection programmes.

2.4. When developing and implementing plans and programmes approved by the Government of St. Petersburg, including those related to possible negative impact on the environment.

3. To take into consideration that the Action Plan for the Protection of the Environment of St. Petersburg for the years 2012-2014, as approved by the Decree of the Government of St. Petersburg N 271 of 27.03.2012 is to be implemented during 2013-2014.

4. The Committee for Nature Use, Environmental Protection and Ecological Safety is obliged to prepare and present for consideration by the Government of St. Petersburg an Action Plan for 2015-2017 for the implementation of the Environmental Policy of St. Petersburg until 2030.

5. M.P. Mokretsov, Vice-Governor of St. Petersburg, is held responsible for the supervision of the implementation of the present Decree.

 

Governor of St. Petersburg

 G.S. Poltavchenko

 

 Attachment

 to the Decree

 of the Government of St. Petersburg

 of 18.06.2013 N 400

 

 Environmental Policy of St. Petersburg

 until 2030

 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS  

1.1. The Environmental Policy of St. Petersburg until 2030 (hereinafter, the Environmental Policy) represents the totality of intentions and principles to manage the activities of the executive authorities of St. Petersburg, which forms the basis for developing particular objectives and goals for the executive authorities of St. Petersburg in the field of environmental protection and safety in accordance with the performance indicators established for such activities.

The Environmental Policy determines the strategic objective in the field of environmental protection, sustainable use of natural resources and provisions for ecological safety; key goals to be implemented to attain the objective set, as well as mechanisms to implement such goals.

1.2. The Environmental Policy relies on the principles of international law, the Constitution of the Russian Federation, federal laws and other legal acts of the Russian Federation, the State Policy Framework for the Environmental Development of the Russian Federation for the period until 2030, the Charter of St. Petersburg, regulations and other legal acts of St. Petersburg, and documents concerning the long-term strategic planning and social and economic development.

1.3. The Environmental Policy relies on the environmental protection principles set forth in the federal laws.

A strategic objective of the Environmental Policy is to safeguard a favourable environmental situation, preservation of natural ecological systems and natural resources to meet the requirements of the today's and future generations, exercise of every man's right  to favourable environment and guarantee ecological safety of St. Petersburg.

1.4. To attain the strategic objective of the Environmental Policy, it is necessary to implement the following key goals:

to develop an environmental protection, nature use and ecological safety management system;

to prevent and mitigate the negative impact on the environment;

to rehabilitate the disturbed natural ecological systems, repair environmental harm and eliminate ecological damage.

to preserve the environment, natural ecological systems, fauna and flora species, including the greenery; nature protection areas in St. Petersburg that have regional significance;

to ensure ecological safety;

to develop economical incentives to ensure environmental protection and ecological safety;

to raise environmental awareness of St. Petersburg citizens;

to secure the effective involvement of citizens, commercial and non-commercial entities in addressing issues related to environmental protection, sustainable use of natural resources and ecological safety;

to develop international cooperation in the field of environmental protection and ecological safety;

 2. Development of an environmental protection, nature use and ecological safety management system  

2.1. The goal to develop an environmental protection, nature use and ecological safety management system shall be implemented through an effective distribution of powers among the executive authorities of St. Petersburg, exclusion of excessive and double functions, interaction and coordination of activities of the executive authorities of St. Petersburg and intra-city municipal entities of St. Petersburg (hereinafter, local governments), responsibilities of the executive authorities of St. Petersburg and local governments for the provision of favourable environment and ecological safety in the relevant areas in accordance with the applicable laws.

2.2. In order to develop an environmental protection, nature use and ecological safety management system the following mechanisms to implement the Environmental Policy (hereinafter, mechanisms) shall be applied:

improvement of regulatory support of environmental protection, nature use and ecological safety;

improvement of performance efficiency of the executive authorities of St. Petersburg in the field of environmental protection;

development of information and analytical support of environmental protection, nature use and ecological safety;

2.3. The improvement of regulatory support of environmental protection, nature use and ecological safety requires the following:

improvement of legislative and other regulatory acts of St. Petersburg to implement the state policy in the field of environmental protection, ecological safety and sustainable nature use;

creation of a structurally integral, comprehensive and consistent legislative system of St. Petersburg in the field of environmental protection, ecological safety and sustainable nature use;

implementation of other actions to improve regulatory support of environmental protection, nature use and ecological safety in accordance with the applicable laws.

2.4. The improvement of performance efficiency of the executive authorities of St. Petersburg in the field of environmental protection shall be performed, in particular, in the following areas:

regional state environmental supervision over economic and other activities, excluding activities involving the use of facilities under federal state environmental supervision;

setting up and ensuring the operation of local systems for monitoring the environment within the boundaries of St. Petersburg;

organization and performance of state environmental examination of regional-level facilities;

grant of the right to use natural resources located within the boundaries of St. Petersburg;

ecological certification of the lands of St Petersburg;

registration and identification of environmentally hazardous objects and sources, as well as indicators of their impact on the environment, inventory of environmentally unfavourable lands within the competencies of the executive authorities of St. Petersburg;

state management in the field of organization and functioning of nature protection areas of regional significance in St. Petersburg and state supervision over protection and use of nature protection areas of regional significance in St. Petersburg;

state management in the field of land reclamation;

provisions for the safety of standalone hydraulic engineering facilities owned by St. Petersburg;

environmental education, including raising public awareness of the environmental protection and ecological safety legislation.

2.5. Information and analytical support of environmental protection, nature use and ecological safety requires the following:

ensuring functioning and development of state information systems of St. Petersburg in the field of environmental protection, nature use and ecological safety;

registration of environmentally hazardous objects and sources subjected to regional state supervision, maintaining a radiation and health profile of the lands of St. Petersburg and a register of lands and water bodies within the boundaries of St. Petersburg which are contaminated with oil and oil products;

maintaining a state cadastre of nature protection areas of regional significance in St. Petersburg and the St. Petersburg Red Data Book;

enhancement of inter-agency information cooperation;

providing government authorities, local governments, companies, sole traders and citizens with complete and reliable information on the environmental situation and forecasts regarding changes therein;

economic assessment of the environmental impact of business or other activities by developing an environmental balance of St. Petersburg;

improvement of the availability of information on the condition of the environment, actions to protect the same and decisions made through increasing a number of types of printed media and developing information resources on the Internet;

 3. Prevention and mitigation of the negative impact on the environment  

3.1. In order to prevent and mitigate the negative impact on the environment, the following mechanisms shall be applied:

ensuring the possibility to obtain complete and reliable information on the ambient air condition within the boundaries of St. Petersburg;

registration of existing and projected sources of negative impact on the ambient air in accordance with the requirements of the applicable laws;

phased introduction of instrumental monitoring of emission sources at the facilities used for economic activities, which are subject to regional state supervision, in accordance with the requirements of the applicable laws;

phased reduction of emissions of hazardous substances (pollutants) into the ambient air by industrial entities, fuel energy companies and other sources of such emissions by encouraging the introduction of best available technologies in accordance with the requirements of the applicable laws;

phased reduction of the use of coal and fuel oil as fuels for boiler houses;

improvement of the transportation layout and development of the street and road network of St. Petersburg;

phased encouragement of the use of public transport and bicycles, dis-encouragement of the use of private cars in the centre of St. Petersburg, in particular, by developing a system of intercepting parking lots located near metro stations;

improvement of the road traffic management, including the development of the computerized traffic management system;

expansion of the public transport pool; continuous reduction of emissions from municipal passenger transport.

3.2. In order to prevent and mitigate the negative impact on water bodies, the following mechanisms shall be applied:

reduction of the discharges of domestic and industrial waste water and contaminated surface waste water, which have not been treated up to the established levels, into water bodies;

phased reduction of entry of contaminants into water bodies;

enhancement of efficiency of water resource use, including introduction of water-saving technologies, improvement of waste water treatment processes;

organization of a set of nature protection actions to maintain the ecological well-being of water bodies within the boundaries of St. Petersburg, environmental restoration of water bodies, prevention of negative impact of waters.

3.3. In order to prevent and mitigate the negative environmental impact caused by waste generation, the following mechanisms shall be applied:

creation of favourable economic conditions for reduction of waste generation, their recommercialization, including support to companies engaged in waste recycling and recommercialization;

encouragement of introduction and use of low waste and resource saving technologies and equipment in accordance with the applicable laws;

setting up and development of an infrastructure for environmentally friendly waste handling, waste deactivation and disposal using best available technologies;

phased enactment, in accordance with the applicable laws, of a prohibition to dump non-segregated and recyclable wastes;

development of a separated domestic waste collection system, including setting up and introduction of an incentive system aimed at the separated domestic waste collection by the public;

phased cessation of accepting hazardous waste for outdoor storage at the Krasny Bor landfill, remediation of the lands contaminated as a result of operations of the landfill;

ensuring the ecological safety during waste deactivation and disposal and environmental restoration of the lands of waste disposal facilities upon termination of operations of such facilities.

 4. Rehabilitation of the disturbed natural ecological systems, repair of environmental harm  

4.1. In order to rehabilitate the disturbed natural ecological systems and repair environmental harm, including that related to the consequences of business and other activities, the following mechanisms shall be applied:

inventory of the lands of St. Petersburg for the purpose of identifying environmentally unfavourable areas to develop programmes and actions to mitigate the negative environmental impact related to the consequences of business and other activities;

removal of the consequences of business and other activities resulting in an environmental harm, including remediation of soils damaged as a result of business and other activities, removal of unauthorised waste dumps, ecological rehabilitation (sanitation) of other contaminated soils, including the territories of industrial companies, which are planned for closure or  transfer to another location;

preservation and restoration of protective and habitat forming functions of natural ecological systems outside the nature protection areas in St. Petersburg that have regional significance.

 5. Preservation of the environment, natural ecological systems, fauna and flora species, including the greenery; nature protection areas in St. Petersburg that have regional significance  

5.1. In order to preserve the environment, natural ecological systems, fauna and flora species, including the greenery; nature protection areas in St. Petersburg that have regional significance, the following mechanisms shall be applied:

preservation of the greenery within the boundaries of St. Petersburg, increase of the amount of the greenery that is resistant to the negative environmental impact and have an environment protection function;

improvement of the greenery area protection efficiency;

expansion of the green area in St. Petersburg by creating (introducing) new green objects located on the public green area, planting of greenery at the undeveloped lands designated for vegetation of St. Petersburg, planting of greenery at the sanitary protection zones of industrial companies, structures facilities and other facilities in accordance with the applicable laws;

repair of greenery facilities, planned replacement of old trees that cannot be regenerated or pose a threat to life and health of the public of St. Petersburg by young trees cultivated for the purpose, which have a good resistance against negative environmental effects, with the ratio between cut and planted trees improving in favour of the latter;

creation and maintenance of natural and natural-and-anthropogenic facilities;

effective management of work on the protection of the greenery from pests and diseases;

carrying our integrated environmental investigations of the St. Petersburg lands to identify the habitats of exotic and endangered fauna and flora species, valuable landscapes, as well as to assign the legal status of nature protection areas to such lands;

ensuring the compliance with the special protection regimen of the lands of national nature reserves, national monuments and other nature protection areas in St. Petersburg having regional significance, securing their effective operation;

investigation of the St. Petersburg territory to set up an effective action system aimed at the preservation of exotic and endangered fauna and flora species that are enlisted in the St. Petersburg Red Data Book, as well as their habitats.

 6. Provisions for ecological safety  

6.1. Ecological safety provisions include the system of measures aimed at prevention and suppression of environmentally hazardous situations and removal of their consequences, including long-term ones.

Ensuring ecological safety requires the provisions for radiological and chemical safety, safety of hydraulic engineering facilities, prevention and removal of spills of oil and oil products, prevention of environmental and other risks conditioned by climatic changes.

6.2. In order to ensure radiological and chemical safety, the following mechanisms shall be applied:

regional-level registration and control of radioactive materials and radioactive waste at the companies of St. Petersburg (except for those subordinated to the federal executive authorities);

inventory of companies which use hazardous chemical materials, including vegetable storage facilities having an extensive ammonia stock, and  preparation of proposals for their removal from the residential area;

radiological survey of the territory in public use and the objects of social sphere, including the emergency cleanup of detected contamination sources;

radiological control of dismantling operations and transported cargoes, deactivation of sources of radioactive contamination identified at waste reception checkpoints in accordance with the applicable laws;

monitoring of the natural gas release processes on the territory of St. Petersburg, building and exploitation of gas-relief systems (within the competencies of the executive authorities of St. Petersburg).

6.3. In order to ensure safety of hydraulic engineering facilities, the following mechanisms shall be applied:

inventory and identification of hydraulic engineering facilities located on the territory of St. Petersburg, within the competencies of the executive authorities of St. Petersburg;

making safety declarations for hydraulic engineering facilities owned by St. Petersburg, in particular when elaborating the required project documentation for the hydraulic engineering facilities in accordance with the applicable laws;

prevention of accidents at ownerless hydraulic engineering facilities and transfer of ownership thereto to St. Petersburg with further handover to the operator;

overhaul repairs, reconstruction and restoration of hydraulic engineering facilities owned by St. Petersburg.

6.4. To prevention and cleanup spills of oil and oil products within the boundaries of St. Petersburg and water bodies located on the territory of St. Petersburg, the following mechanisms shall be applied:

development and upgrade of oil spill response facilities;

introduction of best available technologies to ensure oil spill response;

improved planning of oil spill response actions, including the annual exercise for better interaction between the city’s emergency response services, companies and the public;

improvement of the unified system for warning and response to oil spills on water bodies within the boundaries of St. Petersburg;

6.5. In order to prevent environmental and other risks conditioned by climatic changes, the following mechanisms shall be applied:

development of a climatic strategy of St. Petersburg:

elaboration and implementation of measures to adapt to climatic changes, including consideration of the climatic change agent in St. Petersburg social and economic development programmes;

design and implementation of a system for the prevention of environmental and other risks conditioned by climatic changes;

ensuring the effective system for the protection of the territory of St. Petersburg from dangerous weather and climatic events, including reclamation works, hydraulic engineering facilities, bank protection, taking actions to prevent the negative impact of waters, etc.;

certification of  reclamation works and standalone hydraulic engineering facilities within the boundaries of St. Petersburg;

continuous operation of public reclamation works of St. Petersburg, including accident prevention and maintenance of the reclamation works of St. Petersburg.

 7. Development of economical incentives to ensure environmental protection and ecological safety  

7.1. In order to develop economical incentives to ensure environmental protection and ecological safety, the following mechanisms shall be applied:

encouragement of companies that implement environmental upgrade programmes by introducing best available technologies to ensure the reduced anthropogenic load to the environment, sustainable use of renewable natural resources and rational use of  non-renewable natural resources;

encouragement of organizations (companies) that implement programmes for environmental rehabilitation of contaminated areas;

with St. Petersburg participating in public private partnerships,ensuring implementation of actions to rehabilitate the environmentally neglected areas, elimination of environmental damage related to previous economic and other activities;

support to the formation of an eco-friendly product, technology and equipment market, as well as environment oriented services and community-focused services in the field of environmental protection, promotion of voluntary environmental certification of products and services;

support to the development of market tools to ensure environmental protection and ecological safety;

ensuring the priority (ceteris paribus) for products, work, services that meet the established environmental requirements upon placement of orders for product supply, provision of services for state needs, in accordance with the federal laws;

encouragement of investment generation to ensure the sustainable and effective use of natural resources, mitigation of the negative environmental impact, production of environmentally friendly products, introduction of resource-saving technologies that meet the requirements of the environmental protection laws of the Russian Federation.

 8. ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS OF ST. PETERSBURG CITIZENS  

8.1. In order to raise environmental awareness of St. Petersburg citizens, the following mechanisms shall be applied:

inclusion of actions to raise environmental awareness, provide environmental education and training into regional environmental protection programmes;

creation of an ecologically responsible mindset in all social groups, primarily in youth, by issuing and disseminating specialised literature (magazines, newspapers, leaflets, promotional materials on environmental problems), distributing ecological information on the Internet, including the Ecological Portal of St. Petersburg, improvement of operations of the environmentally-oriented video library;

support, out of the funds of the St. Petersburg budget, of city-level public environmental events directed at drawing public attention to the challenges of environmental protection in St. Petersburg;

support, out of the funds of the St. Petersburg budget, of environmental education activities in educational institutions of St. Petersburg; 

increased awareness of St. Petersburg business and non-business communities on the issues of environmental legislation and rational use of natural resources, also their education on the environment-friendly management methods;

support and development of the system for professional training (retraining) and advanced training in the field of natural resource management, environmental protection and ecological safety for managers and specialists responsible for decision making when carrying on business and other activities that have or might have a negative environmental impact;

support of non-business companies' initiatives aimed at raising  environmental awareness;

development of the St. Petersburg ecological volunteering.

 9. Securing the effective involvement of citizens, commercial and non-commercial entities in addressing issues related to environmental protection, sustainable use of natural resources and ecological safety;  

9.1. In order to secure the effective involvement of citizens, commercial and non-commercial entities in addressing issues related to environmental protection, sustainable use of natural resources and ecological safety. the following mechanisms shall be applied:

involvement of business and non-business companies into the development, discussion and implementation of solutions in the field of environmental protection, rational use of natural resources and ecological safety;

involvement and consideration of legal interests of stakeholders during arrangement for the assessment of the environmental impact of business and other activities, development and approval of projects and programmes which implementation can affect the environment and public health, in particular, by making complete and reliable information on the environmental situation available to citizens and public organizations in accordance with the applicable laws;

ensuring the openness and availability of unbiased information on the condition of the environmental and actions to protect the same, as well as on activities of the executive authorities of St. Petersburg and decisions made by them in the field of environmental protection;

taking necessary actions based on the results of public environmental monitoring in accordance with the applicable laws; 

support of the transparency of  industrial companies as to their negative environmental impact and actions taken to mitigate the same.

 10. Development of international cooperation in the field of environmental protection and ecological safety  

10.1. In order to develop international cooperation in the field of environmental protection and ecological safety, the following mechanisms shall be applied:

involvement of the executive authorities of St. Petersburg, business and non-business companies into international forums dedicated to challenges of environmental protection, rational use of natural resources and ecological safety;

expansion of international information exchanges and participation in international ecological projects in the field of of environmental protection and ecological safety;

support of measures to study and implement international best practices in the field of environmental protection, nature use and ecological safety.

 11. Implementation of the Environmental Policy  

11.1. Implementation of the Environmental Policy is guaranteed by meeting its requirements:

when developing and adopting the legal regulatory acts of the executive bodies of St. Petersburg;

when developing St. Petersburg social and economic development programmes;

when developing and implementing regional environment protection programmes;

when developing and implementing plans and programmes approved by the Government of St. Petersburg, including those related to possible negative impact on the environment.

11.2. The targets of the key goals of the Environmental Policy, their quantitative values to be attained shall be determined in the main directions of activities of the executive authorities of St. Petersburg, in concepts of social and economic development of St. Petersburg for the relevant periods, as well as in regional environmental protection and ecological safety programmes of St. Petersburg.

11.3. The activities for the implementation of the Environmental Policy shall be funded out of the federal budget, the St. Petersburg budget and local budgets, as well as out of non-budgetary sources, including those provided for under public private partnership.

11.4. Implementation of the Environmental Policy will ensure the sustainable development of St. Petersburg, actualize the citizens’ rights on the favourable environment and ensure the ecological safety for St. Petersburg population; it will improve the quality of all components of the environment.

11.5. The information on the Environmental Policy shall be made available on the Ecological Portal of St. Petersburg.

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